Pine needle oil Health Benefits, Uses, Quality & Best Products Compared

Author: Dr. Michael Tyler
Date: 01.10.2020
Reading time: 5:16 min

Pine needle oil is a well-known remedy and popular fragrance oil. The scent of the oil is described as aromatic, balsamic, the taste is slightly bitter.

Name Pine needle oil
Lat. Name Pinus aetheroleum
Synonyms Pine
Origin Balkans, Austria, Baltic States, Scandinavia
Price per 10ml 6,99

Pine needle oil has many beneficial effects on health - owing to its various active ingredients. It is known to provide good pain relief and to contain many more powerful healing powers.

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Internal effect

Some of Pine oil’s properties have have been a part of folk-lore for centuries. Others are only recently being discovered by modern science:  

Lungs and Respiratory Diseases.

Pine needle oil has several beneficial effects on the lungs. As mentioned, the oil helps clear the airways, which counteracts clogging of the alveoli and is also a pronounced antibiotic. This property si even effective for serious lung diseases. In a clinical study it could be proven that pine needle oil is particularly effective against the pathogen 'bacillus tubercullosis'. This bacterium is what causes the often fatal lung disease - tuberculosis - which is resistant to many antibiotics. This effect of pine needle oil was confirmed in animal studies. But pine needle oil is also a treatment method for many other respiratory diseases. Even respiratory diseases caused by fungi. Since pine needle oil is able to inhibit the growth of fungi, it is also suitable as a remedy for such respiratory diseases.

Expectorant effect | Clear airways

Pine needle oil is also said to have a pronounced expectorant effect. This is especially helpful when suffering from phlegm build-up - for example with a cough. Pine needle oil stimulates the alveoli to remove more water and liquefy the mucus in the lungs, which makes it easier to cough up.   The expectorant effect of pine needle oil helps us not only with painful coughs, but also with colds. Especially in the cold season, many people suffer from a constantly blocked nose. Pine needle oil can help us here and free it from the stuck mucus.  

External effect


Germs pose a constant threat to the body. Our immune system has learned in the course of history to defend itself against pathogens, but it cannot always do so on its own. With pine needle oil’s strong antibacterial effect, it provides support to the body. The active ingredient pinene contained in the oil is responsible for the strong antibacterial effect of pine needle oil. Laboratory tests have shown that pinene can destroy 90% of all bacterial cultures.


Probably the strongest effect of pine needle oil is its anti-inflammatory effect. The active ingredient carene contained in the oil is responsible for this property. This makes the oil an ideal means of treating inflammatory complaints such as gastritis (inflammation of the stomach lining). External inflammation on our skin, such as pimples, can also be effectively combated with pine needle oil.

Pain in muscles and joints

Pine needle oil has several positive effects for arthritic complaints. If, for example, it is applied locally to the painful part of the body, tissue irritation occurs and simultaneously, heating takes place. Due to the heating sensation, the tissues relax and are relieved. Arthritis generally is a term for painful joints.

Pine needle oil also strongly relieves pain. The active ingredient carene contained within the oil is responsible for this. This prevents the release of neurotransmitters in the nerves. These are substances that are responsible for the transmission of signals between nerves. If these messenger substances are missing, no pain signal can be transmitted. Pine needle oil thus prevents pain in muscles and joints. But pine needle oil not only helps with muscular pain - pain from the nerves themselves can also be treated very well with the oil.

Side effects

Pine needle oil is a strong irritant to the skin. Our mucous membranes in particular are extremely sensitive to its ingredients. You should therefore absolutely avoid getting the oil in your eyes. If you suffer from bronchospasm, it can be strongly aggravated. You should also never use the oil on small children and infants, as it can lead to paralysis of the tongue, in severe cases even to respiratory paralysis. Always ensure to keep the oil out of the reach of children. Pine needle oil should also not be used by people with asthma or whooping cough, as the oil can increase airway spasms.

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Since pine needle oil is has side effects, one has to know very careful with the oil’s use. If you want to inhale the oil, put 5-6 drops of it in boiling water and inhale the vapours. However, be sure to keep your eyes closed while inhaling, otherwise the may burn in pain. The inhalation process becomes more efficient if you put a cloth over your head and then inhale.

For external use it is necessary to dilute the oil. To do this, add a few drops of pine oil to 10 ml of a suitable carrier oil and then apply the mixture to your skin. If you do not have a carrier oil, you can simply mix the oil with a commercially available skin cream.

If you want to consume the oil, put 3 drops of pine oil on a lump of sugar a maximum of 4 times a day and dissolve it in your mouth. For use as a fragrance oil, you can heat pine oil in a diffuser or an aroma lamp. However, be careful not to evaporate too much oil to prevent irritation to the eyes. For aching limbs, it is advisable to take a relaxing pine oil bath.


Pine needle oil is obtained by steam distillation from the needles of the Pine needle tree. Up to 35 kg of dried pine needles are required to extract 1l of pure pine needle oil.


The most important biologically active ingredients in pine needle oil are:

  • Pinene
  • Caren
  • Myrcene
  • Limes
  • Bornyl acetate
  • Caryophyllene  


Pines are conifers from the genus of the pine family with 130 different species, the range of which extends over the entire northern hemisphere. The plants grow up to 45 m high and up to 160 years old. The crown of the pine is umbrella-like, similar to a mushroom. The tree is one of the most important types of timber. The hard wood of the pine is in great demand as a raw material, especially in the construction industry, because of its mechanical properties.

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