Black pepper oil Health Benefits, Uses, Quality & Best Products Compared

Author: Dr. Michael Tyler
Date: 01.10.2020
Reading time: 5:40 min

Pepper is certainly the most famous spice in the world, but do you know how to use its powerful essential oil?

Name Black pepper
Lat. Name Piper nigrum
Synonyms Pepper, Red, Green
Origin India
Price per 10ml 16,90
our recommendation
Teebaumöl from

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Psychological effect

The spicy aroma of pepper oil is restorative and strengthens the psyche. It boosts self-confidence and helps to overcome disappointments and depressing emotions. Even in mild depressive moods, pepper oil can help to inspire activity with new strength and vigour. When tired, pepper oil provides fresh energy and drive. It promotes concentration and helps maintain an alert mind. During emotional lows, pepper oil can help lift the mood and prevent grief and fear.

Physical effect

Pepper oil promotes blood circulation and boosts metabolism. It effectively stimulates both mind and body. It increases appetite and helps the digestive process. It also reduces fever and helps clear the airways, which is why it is a natural treatment for flu-like infections. With its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, it also helps with sore throats and complicated infections. Pepper oil has an antispasmodic effect and relaxes the muscles of the abdomen - essentially relieving cramps.    

Side effects

With its high terpene content, essential pepper oil irritates the skin and should never be applied to the skin undiluted. In general, pepper oil is not recommended in children.  

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Application

Pure aroma

An aroma lamp is ideal to maximise the aroma of essential pepper oil. The invigorating effect of pepper oil can also be combined well with other fragrances. Harmonizing oils include coriander, myrtle, lime, tonka, cardamom, ginger, clove, lavender, marjoram, rosemary and sandalwood.

A mentally stimulating fragrance mixture can be mixed as follows:

  • 3 drops of pepper oil
  • 2 drops of ginger oil
  • 3 drops of myrtle oil
  • 2 drops of clove oil

  Pepper oil can also be used for a full invigorating bath. Here, too, it can be combined with other fragrances. For better distribution of essential oils in the bath water, it is advisable to first dissolve the oil in half a cup of cream and then add it to the bath water. Since essential oils evaporate quickly, they should only be added to the bath water once you have stepped into the tub. For better aromatic experience, keep windows and doors closed.

The following fragrance mixture results in a stimulating aromatic bath and is preventive against colds and other infections:

  • 2 drops of pepper oil
  • 4 drops of juniper oil
  • 5 drops of lavender oil  

In massage oil

When used in a massage oil, the essential pepper oil is effective both aromatically and through the skin. Particularly for aching muscles, the effects of improving blood flow supports the generation of heat and thereby relieves tense muscles. At the same time, the massage has an invigorating and stimulating effect. To make a massage oil, just a few drops of essential pepper oil need to be added to a suitable carrier oil. Jojoba oil or almond oil are ideal for this. Use the pepper oil sparingly. Too high a dose or mixture can provoke unnecessary skin irritation.

The following massage oil is ideal for muscle pain and stiffness:

  • 30 ml of jojoba oil
  • 4 drops of pepper oil
  • 4 drops of eucalyptus oil
  • 2 drops of rosemary oil
  • 4 drops of lavender oil

Consumption | Internal use

Pepper oil has a stimulates the metabolism and digestion. Loss of appetite can also be counteracted with pepper oil. The usual administration of essential oils is on a spoonful of honey dissolved in a cup of warm water or tea. The oil can also be added to food and taken with it. These should also be warm - not hot - otherwise the oil will evaporate too quickly. The dosage is 1-2 drops per day.

Manufacturing

Essential pepper oil is obtained from the fruits of black pepper by steam distillation. About 50 kilograms of peppercorns are required for one litre of the essential oil. The oil obtained smells spicy and fresh and is perceived by many people as exotic. Since pepper oil oxidizes very quickly, it must always be kept tightly closed. Otherwise its potential to irritate skin could be massively increased.

Ingredients

The typical alkaloid that gives pepper its flavour as a spice is piperine. However, it is not contained in the essential oil. This is interesting because it is sometimes also offered as a seasoning additive. Its aroma is unquestionably spicy, but not typically peppery. The essential pepper oil consists mainly of monoterpenes, such as pinene, 3-carene, terpinene, terpinolene and limonene, as well as sesquiterpenes such as α- and β-caryophyllene and β-fernses. Oxidized terpenes such as terpinen-4-ol can also be found in pepper oil.

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History

In ancient times, pepper was transported from western India to southern Europe via long-distance trade routes. The term "pepper sacks", which is still known today, can be traced back to traders who owe their wealth to the trade in pepper, which was so valuable that it was partly outweighed by gold. But pepper was not only valued as a spice, it also played a role as a remedy in medieval natural medicine. It was used to stimulate the appetite and to stimulate digestion.

Botany

Black pepper is a tropical perennial that grows on trees and can be up to 15 meters long. Lignification makes it more stable and can climb up to a height of 10 meters. It is rarely found higher than that.

The flowers of the pepper are rather inconspicuous and stand at about 10 centimeters long, which consist of 50 to 150 individual flowers. After the flowers have been fertilized, small drupes develop from the individual flowers over 8 to 9 months. In the wild form only from one part, since the flowers are sexually separated. Cultivars were bred for hermaphroditism and accordingly bear more fruit, as they develop from almost every flower.

All different types of pepper (green, white, black, red) are obtained from the fruits of black pepper. The difference lies in the harvest time and the resulting different composition of the ingredients, especially the piperine that gives it its spiciness.

Cultivation

Since black pepper is a tropical plant, the largest growing countries are Vietnam, Indonesia, India, Brazil and Malaysia. For these, partly 3rd world countries, pepper is an important exporting good that is marketed all over the world - even if it is no longer as valuable as it was in the Middle Ages. The total annual production of pepper is estimated to be between 300 and 600 million US dollars. On pepper plantations, the climbing plants are kept at a maximum height of 4 meters and can be harvested twice a year. A single plant will remain productive for about 30 years.

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